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October 04, 2009

『サマーウォーズ』

予め設計され管理されたシステムと、縁故によって築き上げられた旧弊なシステムの対比と対立、という形で始まった物語は、早々に対立関係を放棄し、デジタルであれアナログであれ「ネットワーク/繋がると言うこと」の本質を探求し始めます。そういう意味でこの物語は、ウォシャウスキー兄弟が『マトリックス』三部作で到達した結論に対する強靭な反駁であり、かつ唯一反駁に成功した例になるのではないでしょうか。本作がワーナーから配給される事は、結果的に大きな意味を持つ事になった様です。

忘れられがちな事ですが、システムとしてのネットワークはインフラを統御するものでしかなく、ネットワークそのものには意志はありません。そこに意志をもたらしネットワークを維持するのは、常にそこに接続しているユーザーの存在によるものです。

それは仮想空間においても、血縁を基盤とする人間社会においても同じ事。情報の錯誤や異分子の混入がシステムに亀裂をもたらす場合もあれば、システムの活性化を促す場合もあり、『サマー・ウォーズ』の世界ではそれは縁故のシステムから弾き出された一人のプログラマーと、彼が設計し電脳空間を撹拌するひとりのAIによって象徴されます。

暴走したAIは仮想世界を自己の延長と認識し、際限なく肥大し自己の内に取り込む事で存在意義を得ようとし、AIの暴走により発生したフィードバックを「成果」として、プログラマーは自身の能力を世界に認知させようとする。そうした行為の中には決定的に「他者 = システムそのもの」への配慮と敬意が抜け落ちていて、それが故に彼等はシステムから排斥される結果が待っています。

一方で、崩壊したインフラを横目に、システムの根幹に切り込む事で世界を維持しようとする試みも『サマーウォーズ』の中では語られます。陣内家の当主・栄が駆使する黒電話と挨拶状の束からは、実のところネットワークを統御・操作する方面に関しては何等有益な"情報"は出てきません。
栄の言葉は、ネットワークを飛び越えてその先にいる「人」を直接突き動かす「生きた人の言葉」として、システムを直接叩く起爆剤として機能します。

映画の中盤で栄が見せた「システム = 人」の認識が反響し、結実するのが映画のクライマックス、全世界を巻き込んだ花札勝負の場面でしょう。ここでも「ゲームとしての花札」は単にゲームとしての意味しか持ち得ず、それは数値化された世界では何の力も持ち得ません。数値を超越する力として世界中で個々の「人」が介入を決意した時、即ち「システムの意志」が発露した時に、それは初めて力を得、プログラムの集合体としての意味しか本来持っていない仮想世界の再構築に成功します。

ウォシャウスキー兄弟の世界においては単なるトラフィックの単位、誂えられた世界の中で右往左往するだけの存在であった"人"を、細田護監督は世界を構築する根幹であると捉え直しました。だからこそ本作の主人公、特異な数学的素養(それすらも世界規模ではBクラスでしかないものですが)以外には何の優位も持たない中学生が「システム」に対して決定的な一打を叩き付ける際に発するのが、あの言葉なのでしょう。

過去において、また現在においても幾つも存在するネットワーク、現実においては縁故や組織において、仮想においてはコミュニティやオンラインゲームの世界において我々が幾度と無く発して来た単なる挨拶が、そのまま世界の扉を開く魔法の呪文として機能する。その時それは単なるコードの羅列を越えて、「システム = 人」の意識を叩く、ささやかだけれど決定的なインパクトを与えます。

仮想世界と血縁という、新旧それぞれの"システム"を、それぞれのシステムの特性をそのままに対比し、後には結びつける事で、細田監督は「システムの意味と意義を問い直し再定義する」という離れ業に挑戦し、見事に成功してみせました。『サマーウォーズ』は単なる2009年の日本製アニメーションの最先端だあるという以上に、1982年に突如発生し、様々なメディアを巻き込んで発展して来たサイバーパンクムーブメントが、遂に現実世界に確固とした根を下ろし、そこからフィードバックが得られた事象のひとつとして記憶されるべきでしょう。

最後に苦言を一点。エンドクレジットに流れる山下達郎の曲『僕らの夏の夢』と、映画本編との乖離は余りに甚だしい。果たして主題歌としてこの曲が依頼される時に、映画の趣旨とストーリーラインがきちんと説明されていたのか疑問が残ります。主題曲も又パッケージされた映画の一部である以上、そうした部分へも幾らかは気を使って貰いたかった所です。

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Comments

olddog先生、お今晩は。

先生の手に因る「評論」を遂に読む事が出来て
感激しております。殊に、「システム = 人」と
の御認識は、前半のヒロインである栄姐さんの
存在によって、後半は『電車男』では、見物し
感化される存在であったネットワーカーが一肌
脱ぐと言う設定に因って、自分の興奮は最高潮
に達したのでありました。
個人的に感心したのは、大型汎用機を氷で冷や
すと言う方法でして、コンピューターにとって
水は冷却と言う意味合いで友であり、内部に触
れると致命的な打撃を与える存在であった事を
再認識したのでありました。
更に、”最悪の状況”は、無事クリアー出来た
2000年問題の最悪のシナリオの変形であり
この業界の末端に位置するものとして心魂寒ら
しめるものがございました。

Posted by: 大倉 里司 | October 04, 2009 at 11:52 PM

今晩は。ご無沙汰しております。

『サマーウォーズ』を観たのはひと月程前でしたが、なんとなく言葉が纏まらなかった為にそのままにしていた作品でした。纏まらないままに色々と考え続け、久々に感想の形にしてみたのも、やはり作品の力に感化されたが故の事なのでしょうね。

多分我々が馴染んでいる「大型汎用機(9で始まるアレ)」は水冷と空冷の二本立てだと思いますが、あれを一般家庭に持ち込むに際してのディテールの作り込みは、同業者ならではの面白みに溢れていました。電源確保にイカ釣り漁船を担ぎ出して来るという発想の飛躍と、それを山奥のお屋敷に据え付けてしまうビジュアルの妙が痛快でしたね。

どこかの誰かの不手際が社会インフラを大混乱に陥れる、というのは我々が常日頃から感じている悪夢ですが、残念ながら電話で我々を鼓舞してくれる"栄ばあちゃん"はいそうにありません。あの映画で一番感動的で、一番羨ましい場面でした。

Posted by: olddog | October 05, 2009 at 12:09 AM

突然で申しわけありません。現在2009年の映画ベストテンを選ぶ企画「日本インターネット映画大賞」を開催中です。投票は1/14(木)締切です。ふるってご参加いただくようよろしくお願いいたします。
日本インターネット映画大賞のURLはhttp://www.movieawards.jp/です。
なお、twitterも開設しましたので、フォローいただければ最新情報等配信する予定です(http://twitter.com/movieawards_jp)。

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